GregoryWard.org LGBTQ Bibliography Research Courses Publications Curriculum Vitae Biography

Selected Publications

Most of these papers are available in pdf format. For more information, please send email to: gw@northwestern.edu

2012. Doran, Ryan, Gregory Ward, Meredith Larson, Yaron McNabb, and Rachel Baker. “A Novel Experimental Paradigm for Distinguishing Between What is Said and What is Implicated,” in Language 88:124-154.
 
2012. Ward, Gregory, Betty J. Birner, and Elsi Kaiser. “Pragmatics and Information Structure,” to appear in The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics, edited by Yan Huang. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
 
2012. Ward, Gregory. “Brave New Would: Demonstrative Equatives and Information Structure,” in Proceedings of the 2011 Western Conference on Linguistics (WECOL 2011), Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, B.C. In press.
 
2011. Ward, Gregory, Betty J. Birner, Laurence R. Horn, Barbara Abbott, Pauline Jacobson, and Jerrold M. Sadock. “Ellen F. Prince,” invited obituary in Language 87:866-872.
 
2011. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “Discourse Effects of Word Order Variation,” in Semantics. An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning, Vol. 33.2, edited by Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger, and Paul Portner. Berlin/Boston: Mouton de Gruyter. Pp. 1934-1963.
 
2011. Ward, Gregory, Christopher Ahern, and Tom Hayden. “An Empirical Investigation of Typicality and Uniqueness Effects on Article Choice in Attributive-Possession NPs,” in Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. In press.
 
2010. Ward, Gregory. “Brave New Would,” in Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (Invited submission). Pp. 81-105.
 
2009. Doran, Ryan, Rachel Baker, Yaron McNabb, Meredith Larson, and Gregory Ward. “On the Non-Unified Nature of Scalar Implicature: An Empirical Investigation,” in International Review of Pragmatics 1:1-38.
 
2009. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward. “Information Structure and Syntactic Structure,” in Language and Linguistics Compass 3:1167-1187.
 
2009. Larson, Meredith, Ryan Doran, Yaron McNabb, Rachel Baker, Matthew Berends, Alex Djalali, and Gregory Ward. “Distinguishing the said from the implicated Using a Novel Experimental Paradigm,” in Semantics and Pragmatics: From Experiment to Theory edited by Uli Sauerland and Kazuko Yatsushiro. Berlin: Palgrave MacMillan. Pp. 74-93.
 
2008. Kehler, Andrew and Gregory Ward. “Event Reference and Morphological Transparency,” in Proceedings of the 2007 Western Conference on Linguistics (WECOL 2007), University of California – San Diego. Pp. 115-127.
 
2008. Ward, Gregory. “Equatives and Deferred Reference,” in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, edited by Jeanette Gundel and Nancy Hedberg. [New Directions in Cognitive Science series.] Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 73-92.
 
2008. Benus, Stefan, Agustín Gravano, Julia Hirschberg, Elisa Sneed, and Gregory Ward. “The Effect of Prosody and Semantic Modality on the Assessment of Speaker Certainty,” in Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Speech Prosody (SP-2008). Pp. 401-404.
 
2007. Birner, Betty J., Jeffrey P. Kaplan, and Gregory Ward. “Functional Compositionality and the Interaction of Discourse Constraints,” in Language 83:323-349.
 
2007. Hirschberg, Julia, Agustín Gravano, Ani Nenkova, Elisa Sneed, and Gregory Ward. “Intonational Overload: Uses of the Downstepped (H* !H* L- L%) Contour in Read and Spontaneous Speech,” in Laboratory Phonology 9, edited by Jennifer Cole and José I. Hualde. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Pp. 455-482.
 
2007. Ward, Gregory, Jeffrey P. Kaplan, and Betty J. Birner. “Epistemic would, Open Propositions, and Truncated Clefts,” in Topics on the Grammar-Pragmatics Interface, edited by Nancy Hedberg and Ron Zacharski. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. 77-90.
 
2006. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward, co-editors. Drawing the Boundaries of Meaning: Neo-Gricean Studies in Pragmatics and Semantics in Honor of Laurence R. Horn. [Studies in Language Companion series, Volume 80.] Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 354 pp.
 
2006. Kehler, Andrew and Gregory Ward. “Referring Expressions and Conversational Implicature,” in Drawing the Boundaries of Meaning: Neo-Gricean Studies in Pragmatics and Semantics in Honor of Laurence R. Horn, edited by Betty J. Birner and Gregory Ward. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. 183-200.
 
2006. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “Information Structure,” in Handbook of English Linguistics, edited by Bas Aarts and April McMahon. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Pp. 291-317.
 
2006. Horn, Laurence R. and Gregory Ward. “On the Other Hand: A Reply to Some Reflections on a Recent Handbook,” in Intercultural Pragmatics 3-1:107-110.
 
2006. Ward, Gregory. “Comments on 'Unaccommodating Presuppositions: A NeoGricean View' by Barbara Abbott”. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 2006.]
 
2005. Ward, Gregory and Andrew Kehler. “Syntactic Form and Discourse Accessibility,” in Anaphora Processing: Linguistic, Cognitive and Computational Modelling, edited by António Branco, Tony McEnery and Ruslan Mitkov. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Kehler 2005.]
 
2004. Ward, Gregory. “Equatives and Deferred Reference,” in Language 80:262-289. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 2004.]
 
2004. Horn, Laurence R. and Gregory Ward, co-editors. Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. 847 pp.
 
2004. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “Information Structure,” in Handbook of Pragmatics, edited by Laurence R. Horn and Gregory Ward. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Pp. 153-174. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 2004.]
 
2004. Kehler, Andrew and Gregory Ward. “Constraints on Ellipsis and Event Reference,” in Handbook of Pragmatics, edited by Laurence R. Horn and Gregory Ward. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Pp. 383-403. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Kehler & Ward 2004.]
 
2003. Ward, Gregory, Betty J. Birner, and Jeffrey P. Kaplan. “A Pragmatic Analysis of the Epistemic Would Construction in English,” in Modality in Contemporary English, edited by Roberta Facchinetti, Manfred Krug and Frank Palmer. [Topics in English Linguistics 44, General Editors: Bernd Kortmann and Elizabeth Closs Traugott.] Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Pp. 71-79. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward et al. 2003.]
 
2002. Ward, Gregory, Betty Birner, and Rodney Huddleston. “Information Packaging,” Chapter 16 of The Cambridge Grammar of English, by Geoffrey K. Pullum and Rodney Huddleston et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1363-1447.
 
2001. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “Discourse and Information Structure,” in Handbook of Discourse Analysis, edited by Deborah Schiffrin, Deborah Tannen, and Heidi Hamilton. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Pp. 119-137. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 2001.]
 
1999. Ward, Gregory and Laurence R. Horn. “Phatic Communication and Pragmatic Theory: A Reply,” in Journal of Linguistics 35:555-564. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Horn 1999.]
 
1999. Kehler, Andrew and Gregory Ward. “On the Semantics and Pragmatics of ‘Identifier So’,” in The Semantics/Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View, edited by Ken Turner. [Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface series, Volume I.] Amsterdam: Elsevier. Pp. 233-256. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Kehler & Ward 1999.]
 
1999. Horn, Laurence R. and Gregory Ward. “Pragmatics,” in The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences, edited by Rob Wilson and Frank Keil. Cambridge: MIT Press. Pp. 661-664. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Horn & Ward 1999.]
 
1999. Ward, Gregory. “A Comparison of Postposed Subjects in English and Italian,” in Functions and Structure, edited by Akio Kamio and Ken-ichi Takami. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. 3-21. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 1999.]
 
1998. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward. Information Status and Noncanonical Word Order in English. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 314 pp.
 
1997. Ward, Gregory. “The Battle over Anaphoric ‘Islands’: Syntax vs. Pragmatics,” in Directions in Functional Linguistics, edited by Akio Kamio. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. 199-219. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 1997.]
 
1997. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “Response to Abbott,” in Language 73:109-112. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 1997.]
 
1996. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward. “A Crosslinguistic Study of Postposing in Discourse,” in Language and Speech: Special Issue on Discourse, Syntax, and Information 39:113-142. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Birner & Ward 1996.]
 
1996. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “On the Discourse Function of Rightward Movement in English,” in Conceptual Structure, Discourse and Language, edited by Adele Goldberg. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications. Pp. 463-479. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 1996.]
 
1995. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “Definiteness and the English Existential,” in Language 71:722-742. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 1995.]
 
1995. Bowdle, Brian and Gregory Ward. “Generic Demonstratives,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Pp. 32-43. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Bowdle & Ward 1995.]
 
1995. Hirschberg, Julia and Gregory Ward. “The Interpretation of the High-Rise Question Contour in English,” in Journal of Pragmatics 24:407-412. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Hirschberg & Ward 1995.]
 
1994. McKoon, Gail, Roger Ratcliff, and Gregory Ward. “Testing Theories of Language Processing: An Empirical Investigation of the On-Line Lexical Decision Task,” in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 20:1219-1228. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: McKoon et al. 1994.]
 
1994. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward. “Uniqueness, Familiarity, and the Definite Article in English,” in Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Pp. 93-102. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Birner & Ward 1994.]
 
1994. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “English There-Sentences and Information Status,” in Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference and of the Workshop on Discourse, The Israeli Association for Theoretical Linguistics. Pp. 165-183.
 
1994. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “A Unified Account of English Fronting Constructions,” in Penn Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 1, Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania. Pp. 159-165. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 1994.]
 
1993. McKoon, Gail, Roger Ratcliff, Gregory Ward, and Richard Sproat. “Syntactic Prominence Effects on Discourse Processes,” in Journal of Memory and Language 32:593-607. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to btain a copy: McKoon et al. 1993.]
 
1993. McKoon, Gail, Gregory Ward, Roger Ratcliff, and Richard Sproat. “Morphosyntactic and Pragmatic Factors Affecting the Accessibility of Discourse Entities,” in Journal of Memory and Language 32:56-75. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: McKoon et al. 1993.]
 
1993. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “The Semantics and Pragmatics of and everything,” in Journal of Pragmatics 19:205-214. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 1993.]
 
1993. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward. “There-Sentences and Inversion as Distinct Constructions: A Functional Account,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Pp. 27-39. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Birner & Ward 1993.]
 
1992. Birner, Betty J. and Gregory Ward. “On the Interpretation of VP Inversion in American English,” in Journal of Linguistics 28:1-12. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Birner & Ward 1992.]
 
1992. Hirschberg, Julia and Gregory Ward. “The Influence of Pitch Range, Duration, Amplitude and Spectral Features on the Interpretation of the Rise-Fall-Rise Intonation Contour in English,” in Journal of Phonetics 20:241-251. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Hirschberg & Ward 1992.]
 
1992. Ward, Gregory and Betty J. Birner. “VP Inversion and Aspect in Written Texts,” in Cooperating with Written Texts: The Pragmatics and Comprehension of Written Texts, edited by D. Stein. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Pp. 575-588. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Birner 1992.]
 
1991. Ward, Gregory, Richard Sproat, and Gail McKoon. “A Pragmatic Analysis of So-Called Anaphoric Islands,” in Language 67:439-474. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward et al. 1991.]
 
1991. Ward, Gregory and Ellen F. Prince. “On the Topicalization of Indefinite NPs,” in Journal of Pragmatics 16:167-177. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Prince 1991.]
 
1991. Hirschberg, Julia and Gregory Ward. “Accent and Bound Anaphora,” in Cognitive Linguistics 2:101-121. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Hirschberg & Ward 1991.]
 
1991. Ward, Gregory and Julia Hirschberg. “A Pragmatic Analysis of Tautological Utterances,” in Journal of Pragmatics 15:507-520. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Hirschberg 1991.]
 
1990. Ward, Gregory. “The Discourse Functions of VP Preposing,” in Language 66:742-763. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 1990.]
 
1988. Ward, Gregory. The Semantics and Pragmatics of Preposing. [Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics series.] New York: Garland. 272 pp.
 
1988. Ward, Gregory and Julia Hirschberg. “Intonation and Propositional Attitude: The Pragmatics of L*+H L H%,” in Proceedings of the Fifth Eastern States Conference on Linguistics. Pp. 512-522. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Hirschberg 1988.]
 
1987. Sproat, Richard and Gregory Ward. “Pragmatic Considerations in Anaphoric Island Phenomena,” in Papers from the Twenty-Third Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Pp. 321-335. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Sproat & Ward 1987.]
 
1987. Hirschberg, Julia, Diane Litman, Janet Pierrehumbert, and Gregory Ward. “Intonation and the Intentional Structure of Discourse,” in Proceedings of the International Joint Congress on Artificial Intelligence. Pp. 636-639. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Hirschberg et al. 1983.]
 
1985. Ward, Gregory and Julia Hirschberg. “Implicating Uncertainty: The Pragmatics of Fall-Rise Intonation,” in Language 61:747-776. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward & Hirschberg 1985.]
 
1985. Hirschberg, Julia and Gregory Ward. “Fall-Rise Intonation and the Place of Intonational ‘Meaning’ in Linguistic Theory,” in Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Pp. 447-458. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Hirschberg & Ward 1985.]
 
1984. Hirschberg, Julia and Gregory Ward. “A Semantico-Pragmatic Analysis of Fall-Rise Intonation,” in Papers from the Twentieth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Pp. 173-180. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Hirschberg & Ward 2004.]
 
1983. Ward, Gregory. “A Pragmatic Analysis of Epitomization: Topicalization It’s Not,” in Papers in Linguistics 17:145-161. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 1983.]
 
1983. Ward, Gregory. “On Non-Reflexive Pronouns in Reflexive Environments,” in Penn Review of Linguistics, edited by Sharon Ash, et al. Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania. Pp. 12-19. [This paper is available in pdf format; click here to obtain a copy: Ward 1983.]
 
1981. Ward, Gregory. “Identifying Speech Acts on the Basis of Inferred Goals,” in Penn Review of Linguistics, edited by Franz Seitz, et al. Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania. Pp. 58-66.
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